Academic Articles

“Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory and Antiracist Politics”

Citation: Kimberle Crenshaw, “Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory and Antiracist Politics.” University of Chicago Legal Forum, 1989, vol 1 

Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women of Color

Citation: Kimberle Williams Crenshaw, “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women of Color.”  In: Martha Albertson Fineman, Rixanne Mykitiuk, Eds. The Public Nature of Private Violence. (New York: Routledge, 1994), p. 93-118. 

Intersectionality: A Tool for Gender and Economic Justice

Citation: “Intersectionality: A Tool for Gender and Economic Justice.” In Women’s Rights and Economic Change, no. 4, August 2004.

More Accessible Articles

The Intersectionality Wars

Citation: Jane Coaston, “The Intersectionality Wars”

What is Intersectionality and Why is it Important?

Citation: Ann Sisson Runyan, “What is Intersectionality and Why is it Important?”

What is Intersectionality and What does it have to do with Me?

Citation: “What is Intersectionality and What does it have to do with Me?”

Kimberle Crenshaw on Intersectionality, More than Two Decades Later

Citation: “Kimberle Crenshaw on Intersectionality, More than Two Decades Later”
An interview with Dr. Crenshaw from 2017

The Effect of Intersectionality in the Workplace

Citation: Alina Tugend, “The Effect of Intersectionality in the Workplace.” The New York Times, September 30, 2018.

Intersectionality for Beginners

Ten Tips for Putting Intersectionality into Practice

Intersectionality Self-Study Guide 


Michelle Tracy Berger and Kathleen Guidroz, eds., “The Intersectional Approach” (2010)

Patricia Hill Collins, “Intersectionality as Critical Social Theory” (2019)

Patricia Hill Collins and Sirma Bilge, “Intersectionality” (2016)



Kimberle Crenshaw



Intersectionality as a Crossroads



A transgender woman in business attire in an office


Kimberle Crenshaw Ted Talk

Summary: Now more than ever, it's important to look boldly at the reality of race and gender bias -- and understand how the two can combine to create even more harm. Kimberlé Crenshaw uses the term "intersectionality" to describe this phenomenon; as she says, if you're standing in the path of multiple forms of exclusion, you're likely to get hit by both. In this moving talk, she calls on us to bear witness to this reality and speak up for victims of prejudice.

Kimberle Crenshaw, “Race, Gender, Inequality and Intersectionality”

Summary: "Race Today: A Symposium on Race in America" brought a group of the nation’s most respected intellectuals on race, racial theory, and racial inequality together to consider the troubling state of black life in America today. What are the broader structural factors that shape race today? How do these factors work on the ground and institutionally and what are the consequences? What are the ideas about race, and racial identities that enable

the normalcy of stark racial differences today? In particular, what role do key ideas such as “colorblindness” and “post-race” play in shaping perception and outcomes? What can be done to challenge ideological and structural impediments to a racially egalitarian society?

What Intersectionality Really Means for Movements - Kimberle Crenshaw

Summary: Laura is joined this week by the celebrated academic, organizer, and advocate Professor Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw, who is perhaps best known for coining the term intersectionality. In order to use this moment effectively and strategically to change the culture, according to Crenshaw, we have to build movements that use a genuine intersectional analysis to point out differences and commonalities. Plus a look at the #SayHerName campaign, founded by Crenshaw and an F-word from Laura on why month-designations like Women's History Month aren't effective unless we also make a month to cross-examine the white capitalist cishet patriarchy.

Intersectionality | Social Inequality | MCAT | Khan Academy

Summary: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. Created by Arshya Vahabzadeh.

What is Intersectionality?

Summary: The Advocate's Video Producer Ashley Jiang tells us the intricacies of intersectionality.

What is Intersectionality - Kimberle Crenshaw

Summary: Kimberlé Crenshaw, a 2017 NAIS People of Color Conference speaker, civil rights advocate, and professor at UCLA School of Law and Columbia Law School, talks about intersectional theory, the study of how overlapping or intersecting social identities—and particularly minority identities—relate to systems and structures of discrimination.

What is Intersectionality - Kat Blaque 

Summary: You've heard of #intersectionality, but where did it come from and what does it mean? 


Columbia Law School Center for Intersectionality & Social Policy Studies

The Center for Intersectionality and Social Policy Studies was established to examine how social structures and related identity categories such as gender, race, and class interact on multiple levels to create social inequality. The first such center of its kind, the Center's research projects and initiatives will bring together scholars and practitioners from law, sociology, feminist and gender studies, human rights, social justice, and other fields to explore the relationship of intersectionality to their work, to shape more effective remedies, and to promote greater collaboration between and across social movements.


UC Merced Library Subject Guide on Intersectionality

Join two academic librarians who will introduce the efforts they have made to incorporate intersectional themes into instruction and educational programming on their respective campuses. Librarians attending this roundtable discussion will brainstorm and share ideas for engaging in first-year instruction and outreach efforts that promote intersectionality.